Ferdinand Magellan portrait

Ferdinand Magellan

Portuguese sailor in the Spanish service, discoverer and sea traveler. On September 20, 1519, he set out from Spain on the western route, that is through the Atlantic Ocean, to the Spice Islands in the Malay Archipelago. He died on April 27, 1521, killed by the inhabitants of the island of Mactan in the Philippine Archipelago. The expedition under his command first circumnavigated Earth.

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Amerigo Vespucci portrait

Amerigo Vespucci

Italian merchant, navigator and sea traveler. He participated in the Pinzon’s expedition during which the mouth of the Amazon was discovered. Vespucci’s letters with colorful descriptions of the known lands gave him notoriety greater than Christopher Columbus. From his name, the new continent was called America. He explored much of the east coast of South America. He described the discovery of the rivers Rio de Janeiro and the Rio de la Plata as well as Patagonia and South Georgia.

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