A Venetian merchant and traveler. Together with his father and uncle, he arrived in China, wandering the Silk Road. His colorful travels were written in a book known as “Describing the World” by Rustichello of Pisa while Marco Polo was in captivity in prison after losing the naval battle between Venice and Genoa.
Famous explorers and great journeys
Since the beginning of our civilization, we have an irresistible desire to discover the uncharted. Famous explorers are brave, determined and clever diplomats. In our history there are many who had the spirit of an adventurer and decided to explore the unknown. They risked their lives many times for unique experiences of discoveries new lands.
Nowadays, when the map of the world seems tightly filled with lands and waters and we proudly believe that everything what was waiting to be discovered was discovered. Our interests are focused on the extraterrestrial and we lose sight of the significance of geographic discoveries. What drives people who set out on distant and dangerous journeys? Curiosity of undiscovered, ambition, lust for adventure or maybe greed? The reasons leading brave travelers and the effects of their expeditions often surprise modern researchers and people who are curious about the world.
The great era of documented geographical explorations began more than five hundred years ago with the revolutionary changes in the rules of sailing through the open ocean waters was initiated by Prince Henry the Navigator and the famous Portuguese sailors. Without a doubt, the first ocean expedition of Christopher Columbus to the west searching new way to India in 1492 and discovery of America is considered to be the greatest achievement in the history of explorations. Soon after in 1498 Vasco da Gama rounding Africa cleared the road to the east to India. With other Portuguese, Spanish, English, Italian and French sailors caused great changes in societies and deserves to be called a famous explorers.
The next decades of great explorations with the first expedition around the globe of Ferdinand Magellan or the maritime expedition of Jacques Cartier discovering the previously unseen east coast of Canada. On land, the prospect of great discoveries combined with wealth pushed people like Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizzarro or Hernando de Soto to get the reputation of a famous explorer. For a long time, research expeditions were undertaken mainly for religious reasons and the desire to conquer new areas and gain wealth and fame.
However in the eighteenth century a new type of versatile scientists appeared. They undertook glove of dangerous research journeys with great sacrifice, exceptional energy and commitment. Captain Bougainville and James Cook are real new land famous explorers. Lewis and Clark led by the Indian guide Sacagawea and their special expedition to reach west coast of North America are great example of courage. In every unexplored region on the map of the world new discoveries were always going by explorers fed by descriptions and experiences of their predecessors.
Our understanding of the world has changed thanks to the expansion of human knowledge about natural resources, different cultures and distant areas of the world. In the pursuit of discoveries, unusual men and women gained superhuman strength in the most inhospitable areas. There are also those who are still looking for unknown places on Earth, ready with vigor and determination to cross the boundaries of what is known. Perhaps thanks to them maybe a new era of great discoveries begins…
Our articles will introduce you to the world of the most ancient distant journeys and discovering unknown lands. You will experience extraordinary adventures. You will meet courageous, determined, full of passion, energy and faith in their abilities people whose achievements have changed the world. We will describe famous explorers and travelers thanks to which mankind met the world and make contact between distant places on Earth. You’ll find out how the explorers discover new lands and how their lives changed after making great discoveries. But above all, we will tell you about their dreams. Dreams that thanks to persistence, ambition and strength led to great discoveries and decided about the final success.